manganese nedir / Mangan ve Kobalt Yetmezliği | Article | Türkiye Klinikleri

Manganese Nedir

manganese nedir

Manganez

Mangan (Mn)

Temel özellikleri
Atom numarası25
Element serisiGeçiş metalleri
Grup, periyot, blok7B, 4, d
Görünüşmetalik
Mangan
Kütle numarası g/mol
Elektron dizilimi[Ar] 4s23d5
Enerji seviyesi başına
Elektronlar
2, 8, 13, 2
CAS kayıt numarası
Fiziksel Özellikleri
Maddenin hâlikatı
Yoğunluk g/cm³
Sıvı hâldeki yoğunluğu g/cm³
Ergime noktası &#;K
&#;C
Kaynama noktası &#;K
&#;C
Ergime ısısı kJ/mol
Buharlaşma ısısı kJ/mol
Isı kapasitesi J/(mol·K)
Atom özellikleri
Kristal yapısıHacim Merkezli Kübik Kafes
Yükseltgenme seviyeleri7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, -1, -2, -3
Elektronegatifliği1,55 Pauling ölçeği
İyonlaşma enerjisi kJ/mol
Atom yarıçapı] pm
Atom yarıçapı (hes.)pm
Kovalent yarıçapı±5 pm
Van der Waals yarıçapıpm
Diğer özellikleri
Elektrik direnci µ nΩ·m (20°C'de)
Isıl iletkenlik W/(m&#;K)
Isıl genleşme µm/(m·K) (25°C'de)
Ses hızı m/s (20 C'de)
Mohs sertliği6,0
Vickers sertliğiMPa
Brinell sertliği MPa
Elektrolizle arıtılmış (%99,99) saflıkta mangan parçaları ve karşılaştırma için yüksek saflıkta (%99,99 = 4N) 1 cm³ hacminde mangan bir küp.
Bir manganez filizi olan manganez oksidi

Mangan veya manganez, atom numarası 25 olan element.

Simgesi Mn'dir. yılında keşfedilmiştir. Periyodik tablonun 7-B grubunda yer alır. Grimsi metal renklidir. Çeliğin dayanımını geliştiren bir alaşım elementidir. Bu özelliği içinde bulunan karbon miktarına bağlıdır. Yüksek karbonlu çeliklerde manganın etkisi sertlik ve dayanımı artırmaktadır. Elementler için kullanılan periyodik yapı A B olarak adlandırılmıştır.

Genellikle doğada demir elementi ve daha birçok elementle bağlı biçimde bulunmaktadır. Genellikle metal endüstrisinde alaşımlarda kullanılır özellikle paslanmaz çelik yapımında alaşımda gerekli bir hammaddedir. Yunanistan'ın magnezya bölgesinden adını almıştır. Manganez dioksit bileşiğinden yılında karbonun indirgenmesi neticesinde ilk olarak elde edilmiştir. Çelikteki aşınma ve paslanmanın önlenmesinde kullanılmaktadır. Endüstride oksitlenme aşamasına göre birçok farklı renk alabilen element renklendirici olarak da kullanılmaktadır. Çinko karbon ve alkalinli pillerin üretiminde kullanılan önemli bir elementtir. Manganez iyonları çok çeşitli enzimlerde ve fotosentetik bitkilerde yer alabilmektedir. Yüksek seviyelerde manganez memelilerde zehirlenme etkisi yapar.

Vücut metabolizması üzerine etkileri[değiştir kaynağı değiştir]

Manganez için ikinci büyük uygulama alüminyum alaşımlarındadır. Kabaca % manganlı alüminyum, galvanik korozyona yol açabilecek yabancı maddeleri emen tanecikler yoluyla korozyona karşı direnci artırmıştır.[9] Korozyona dayanıklı alüminyum alaşımları ve (% ila manganez) çoğu içecek kutuları için kullanılır.[10] 'den önce, bu alaşımların milyondan ton'undan fazlası kullanıldı; %1 manganezde bu miktar 16, ton manganez 'e karşılık gelir.[10]

Kaynakça[değiştir

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